Eye Examination

 

As part of your eye examination we will assess what prescription you require and ensure your eyes are working together to give you optimum vision. The eye examination will also involve checking the health of your eyes, screening for general health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure and rare conditions such as raised intra cranial pressure and tumours.

We have accredited Optometrists who are able to assess you in the Sheffield Primary Eyecare Acute Referral Scheme (PEARS) and also the Glaucoma Referral Refinement Scheme (GRR).

Our Optometrists and dispensing staff will ensure your eyecare needs are exceeded with the aid of state of the art equipment ranging from an auto refractor, computerised test charts, latest visual field screener and a spectacle image viewing system. Our no rush policy, coupled with slightly longer than normal appointment slots will make sure you feel at ease and guarantee accurate sight test results for you.

It is recommended that adults should have their eyes examined at least every 2 years and children under the age of 16 at least once a year. You are entitled to a free NHS funded eye examination if any of the following categories apply to you:

  • Patients over 60
  • Patients under 16
  • Students under 19 in full time education
  • Registered blind / partially sighted
  • Diabetics
  • Glaucoma patients and those over 40 with a close relative with glaucoma
  • Income Support
  • Income-based Job Seekers Allowance
  • Income-related Employment and Support Allowance
  • Tax Credit with a valid certificate
  • Pension Credit (Guarantee Credit)
  • Prisoner on leave
  • Patients requiring complex lenses
  • Patients with a valid HC2 certificate

You are also entitled to help towards the cost of your spectacles or contact lenses if any of the following apply to you:

  • Income based Jobseekers Allowance
  • Income-related Employment and Support Allowance
  • Pension Credit (Guarantee Credit)
  • Tax Credit and valid on a NHS tax credit exemption certificate
  • Patients with a valid  HC2 certificate

Other services we are able to offer you at our practice include:

  • VDU eye examinations for patients who use a computer screen
  • Colour vision testing
  • Visual field exams for the DVLA

Visit our practice at 229 Crookes, Sheffield, S10 1TE or call us on 0114 2686000 for friendly advice or to book an appointment.

CATARACTS

Inside everyone’s eye there is a small lens that focuses the image. In young people the lens is crystal clear but as we get older the lens becomes cloudy. This is what is meant by a cataract. Cataracts can also cause problems such as glare in bright lights and make you subject to frequent changes in your prescription, making you increasingly short sighted.

The only way of removing a cataract is by surgery which takes about 30 minutes and is usually performed under local anaesthetic. However for early stages of cataracts quite often stronger or a changed spectacle prescription can improve your vision.

DIABETES

People with diabetes are at risk of developing a complication called diabetic retinopathy. Retinopathy affects blood vessels supplying the retina. The blood vessels can become blocked or leak leading to an accumulation of fluid within the macula (centre of retina). This can cause a condition called diabetic maculopathy and can cause serious visual loss.

Large areas of blocked blood vessels can promote growth of new blood vessels which can again be sight threatening if left untreated. Ophthalmologists at the hospital can treat certain types of diabetic retinopathy with a laser.

Diabetic patients are entitled to a free NHS eye examination and should have their eyes examined every year as well as having their annual diabetic screening at the hospital or diabetic clinic.

GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma is a name for a group of eye conditions which damages the optic nerve in your eye and can lead to blindness if left untreated. There are four main types of glaucoma of which primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) or chronic glaucoma being the most common types.

  • Age – Affects 1% of people aged over 40 and 5% over the age of 65 have primary open angle glaucoma.
  • Race – If you are of African origin you are at more risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Family history – You are more at risk of developing glaucoma if you have a close relative who suffers from glaucoma.
  • Myopia (short sightedness)
  • Diabetic

You should also have an eye examination every year regardless of if you attend the hospital if you suffer from glaucoma.

As part of your examination we will screen for glaucoma in 3 ways:

  • Examination of the back of your eye (specifically the optic nerve)
  • Measurement of your eye pressures
  • Visual field examination
AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (ARMD)

The macula is an area at the back of your eye that is used for clear detailed central vision. Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) or (AMD) is a painless condition in which the macula becomes damaged due to age. It is most common in people over 60 however it can sometimes affect people earlier. ARMD is the most common cause of sight loss in the western world. In the UK more than 500,000 people have ARMD.

There are two main forms of ARMD known as ‘dry’ and ‘wet’

Dry – This type can cause a gradual drop in vision and is not treatable – quite often strong reading spectacles and a magnifier helps.

Wet – It is important this form is detected early so treatment may be given. If you experience any deterioration in your vision it is important to have your eyes checked urgently.

Whilst ARMD causes central vision loss and can have a devastating impact, it does not lead to complete blindness as peripheral vision is maintained.

Symptoms may include

  • Wavy or distorted lines
  • Colours appear to be faded
  • Blurred vision or gaps in your vision

Causes

  • Age
  • Diet
  • Family history
  • Gender

How to protect your eyes

  • Regular eye tests
  • Quit smoking
  • Dietary supplements with eye nutrients
  • Protecting eyes from harmful UV light by wearing spectacles with coatings that block the UV light
  • Low fat diet and lots of fruit and vegetables